CBD oil and hempseed oil are frequently confused for one another, but there are major differences in both of them. They are similar in their origins, but the methods of extraction, chemical ingredients, and purposes of use are not the same. Hempseed oil has been publicly available for much longer than CBD oil, and is created by cold pressing the cannabis sativa seed.
What is Cannabis?
When discussing the differences CBD oil vs. hempseed oil one needs to start with cannabis. Hemp and marijuana are both members of the cannabis plant family. There are three different species, or strains, and many subspecies of the cannabis plant. However, it's important to realize that hemp and marijuana are very different. Harvested from the leaves and flowers of the cannabis sativa strain, marijuana is high in THC, the psychoactive compound, found in drugs manufactured specifically to get the user high. Hemp, on the other hand, does not cause any intoxication in the user.
What is Hemp?
The processed cannabis species become multiple things through the process of extraction and cultivation. Harvested from the cannabis sativa strain, medical and textile industries see most of what hemp produces. Hemp fibers make various types of cloth items from clothing to carrying bags. In the past, it became paper and rope. Hemp is high in cannabidiol with less than less 0.3% THC.
What is Hempseed Oil?
Oil extracted from hempseeds by pressing them. From there, it becomes useable in an array of products with a wide variety of applications such as creams, bath oils, and medical items. Generally speaking, hempseed oil extraction is akin to coconut and olive oil extraction.
Hempseed oil is edible and is low in saturated fat. This makes it a good alternative to vegetable oil in meal preparations, as it is high in omega-3 and omega-6s. There is no THC in hempseed oil, though there may be low levels of CBD. Hempseed oil is also a wonderful moisturizer, making it ideal for inclusion in beauty and skincare products.
What is CBD?
CBD, or cannabidiol, is a compound found in the cannabis plant (both hemp and marijuana). CBD, unlike THC, does not get anyone high if they consume it. It is generally considered a CBD product if it has less than 0.3% THC, the maximum allowable threshold for a product to be sold nationwide in the US. When CBD is extracted from the cannabis plant, the oil may contain an array of cannabinoids.
What are Cannabinoids?
There are more than 113 cannabinoids outside of the cannabis strain. Currently, there are 3 strains of cannabinoids that most well known, cannabidiol (CBD), tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabinol (CBN).
Cannabinoids are responsible for altering neurotransmitters in the brain. The alterations are not psychoactive as the extraction process leaves little to no THC behind. Modern research is still learning the extent of CBD's effects on the body, as well as any potential benefits it may bring.
Breaking it Down: CBD Oil vs Hempseed Oil
The differences in extraction and use are what make these two compounds different. The public debate over the two comes from the misunderstanding of what they do and do not do. Hempseed has no THC and has approval for use and sale within the United States.
On the other hand, CBD can contain THC; though primarily processed without THC, it still has certain restrictions around production and use.
FDA Approval and Restrictions
The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (L115-334) -- also known as the 2018 Farm Bill -- made the growth and marketing of products made with hemp from the Cannabis Sativa plant legal. It cannot include the seeds, extracts, isomers, acids, salts, and cannabinoids, associated with the rest of the plant.
The FDA retains the right to control, regulate and approve any products made from or with cannabis. This makes any product containing more than the approved 0.3% THC of hemp illegal under the rules and regulations of the Federal government.